Reports

Leading Causes of All Deaths and Leading Causes of Premature Deaths (Death before age 75)

  • State and regional reports
  • These tables present number of deaths and death rates for the top causes of all deaths and premature deaths in New York State, New York City and New York State excluding New York City from 2008 to 2015, by selected characteristics such as gender, age, and race/ethnicity.
  • County reports
  • These tables present number of deaths and death rates for the top causes of all deaths and premature deaths in 62 counties of New York State by gender from 2008 to 2015.

Life Expectancy

  • Life Expectancy by Gender
  • The table presents life expectancy at specified ages in New York State from 2006 to 2015. Tables were generated for both genders.

Technical Notes

 About New York State Leading Causes of Death

Deaths

The causes of death reported in these pages are the underlying causes classified according to the tenth revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD, 10th revision) adopted by New York State in 1999. Historically, several revisions of the ICD have been used, therefore, it is necessary to employ a comparability ratio when comparing cause of death statistics across revisions. Comparability ratios have been published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

Infant (less than 1 year of age) mortality rates published in this report are based on all live births regardless of birth weight or gestation. No attempt was made to account for the viability of the infant at birth. These rates for a specific year are based on deaths and live births that occurred during that year.

When tabulating deaths by place of death, other institution is defined as state institution, Veterans Administration facility, hospice, federal institution, health related facility or home for the aged.

Population Estimates

All population estimates are for the year indicated in these tables and are derived from the NCHS released estimates of "Bridged Race Vintage files" which are consistent with the Bureau of the Census estimates from "Bridged Race Vintage files" (released annually). Estimates by race are for single races (e.g., White alone, Black alone, etc.). The data on Spanish ethnicity is consistent over the years.

Crude Death Rate

The crude death rate is the number of deaths per 100,000 population.

Age-adjusted Death Rate (Direct Method)

Death rate in a group is calculated as a weighted average of the age specific death rate of the same group. The system of weights is the age distribution of a population called the standard population. In this report, the standard population is the United States population as enumerated by the Bureau of the Census on April 1, 2000. The tables do not present rates for the Native American/Alaska Native population due to small population size.

Source

New York State Department of Health - Office of Quality and Patient Safety - Division of Information and Statistics - Bureau of Health Informatics - Vital Statistics Unit a

Premature Causes of Death

The term Premature Causes of Death is used as a measure of deaths that occurred prior to individuals reaching the age of 75 years. Seventy-five years of age is the national standard that is used for a comparison basis.

Information, Programs and Prevention Strategies

New York State's Prevention Agenda 2013-2018: New York State's Health Improvement Plan The Prevention Agenda 2013-18 is the blueprint for state and local action to improve the health of New Yorkers in five priority areas and to reduce health disparities for racial, ethnic, disability, socioeconomic and other groups who experience them. Recommended evidence-based programs, policies and practices have been identified for each action plan.

Data Notes
a Vital Records (Vital Statistics): Vital Event Registration:
New York State consists of two registration areas, New York City and New York State Exclusive of New York City (also referred as Rest of State). New York City (NYC) includes the five counties of Bronx, Kings (Brooklyn), New York (Manhattan), Queens and Richmond (Staten Island); the remaining 57 counties comprise New York State Exclusive of New York City. The Bureau of Vital Records, New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), processes data from live birth, death, fetal death and marriage certificates recorded in New York State Exclusive of New York City. Through a cooperative agreement, the New York State Department of Health receives data on live births, deaths, fetal deaths and marriages recorded in New York City from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYCDOHMH) and on live births and deaths recorded outside of New York State to residents of New York State from other states and Canada.

Vital Event indicators for NYC geographical areas reported by NYSDOH and NYCDOHMH may be different since the former may include all NYC residents' events regardless of where they occurred and the latter reports only events to NYC residents that occurred in NYC. The indicators may also differ due to timing and/or completeness of data.

The counts of births and deaths may be influenced by specific reporting issues each year. The specific issues are reported in the technical notes of the Vital Statistics reports, in the Report Measures section.

All the vital statistics presented in this report are based on the county/borough of residence.
 About New York State Life Expectancy

Deaths

New York State Public Health Law does not require that death be pronounced by a physician. Unless there is a local law that requires otherwise, anyone may make the pronouncement of death. However, this decision is more likely to fall upon emergency medical technicians, police, fire fighter and other emergency personnel. The pronouncement may even be implied by the decision to call a funeral director or coroner/medical examiner instead of an ambulance. NYS PHL 4140 requires that a death certificate be filed within 72 hours after death, or the finding of the body, by a funeral director or undertaker licensed and currently registered by the New York State Department of Health.

Population Estimates

Population Estimates (2008 for example) - All population estimates are for the year indicated in these tables and are derived from the NCHS released estimates of "Bridged Race Vintage 2008, etc." which are consistent with the Bureau of the Census estimates from "Vintage 2008" (released in the Summer, 2009). Census race categories are White alone, Black Alone, etc. The data on Spanish ethnicity is consistent over the years.

Life Tables

Life Tables (2014 for example): Table three from the Vital Statistics Annual Reports presents life expectancies for the total, male and female populations of New York State. The life table consists of seven columns. The life expectancy in the tables and charts of the Leading Causes of Death pages are taken from the seventh column of the Vital Statistics pages and are defined as follows: This is the average years of life remaining to be lived by persons of exact age x.

Data Source

New York State Department of Health - Office of Quality and Patient Safety - Division of Information and Statistics - Bureau of Health Informatics - Vital Statistics Unit

 About Death Grouping Color Chart
Causes of Death and Assigned Color ICD-10 Coding
HIV/AIDS ICD-10:
B20-B24
Alzheimer's Disease ICD-10:
G30
Arteriosclerosis ICD-10:
I70
Birth Defects ICD-10:
Q00-Q99
Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases (CLRD) ICD-10:
J40-J47
Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus) ICD-10:
E10-E14
Gastritis, Enteritis, Colitis, Diverticulitis ICD-10:
K29,K50-K52, K57
Heart Disease ICD-10:
I00-I09,I11,I13,I20-I51
High Blood Pressure ICD-10:
I10,I12,I15
Homicide and Legal Intervention ICD-10:
X85-Y09, Y35
Kidney Disease and Diseases of Urinary Tract ICD-10:
N17-N19, N25-N27, N00-N07
Liver Disease and Cirrhosis ICD-10:
K70, K73-K74
Malignant Neoplasms (Cancer) ICD-10:
C00-C97
Other diseases of the circulatory system ICD-10:
I71-I78,I80-I99
Parkinson's Disease ICD-10:
G20, G21
Perinatal Period Condition ICD-10:
P00-P96
Pneumonia and Influenza ICD-10:
J09-J18
Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids ICD-10:
J69
Pregnancy and Childbirth Related ICD-10:
O00-O99
Septicemia ICD-10:
A40-A41
SIDS ICD-10:
R95
Stroke ICD-10:
I60-I69
Suicide ICD-10:
X60-X84,Y87.0
Tuberculosis ICD-10:
A16-A19
Unintentional Injury ICD-10:
V01-X59,Y85-Y86

User's Guide and Useful Links

 How to use the State Report and the County Report
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 How to use the Life Expectancy Report
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Contact Us

If you have questions about the reports, please contact:

Public Health Information Group at: phiginfo@health.ny.gov